ECPG(1) PostgreSQL Client Applications ECPG(1)
ecpg - embedded SQL C preprocessor
ecpg [ option... ] file...
ecpg is the embedded SQL preprocessor for C programs. It converts C
programs with embedded SQL statements to normal C code by replacing the
SQL invocations with special function calls. The output files can then
be processed with any C compiler tool chain.
ecpg will convert each input file given on the command line to the cor-
responding C output file. Input files preferably have the extension
.pgc, in which case the extension will be replaced by .c to determine
the output file name. If the extension of the input file is not .pgc,
then the output file name is computed by appending .c to the full file
name. The output file name can also be overridden using the -o option.
This reference page does not describe the embedded SQL language. See
the documentation for more information on that topic.
ecpg accepts the following command-line arguments:
-c Automatically generate certain C code from SQL code. Currently,
this works for EXEC SQL TYPE.
Set a compatibility mode. mode may be INFORMIX or INFORMIX_SE.
Define a C preprocessor symbol.
-i Parse system include files as well.
Specify an additional include path, used to find files included
via EXEC SQL INCLUDE. Defaults are . (current directory),
/usr/local/include, the PostgreSQL include directory which is
defined at compile time (default: /usr/local/pgsql/include), and
/usr/include, in that order.
Specifies that ecpg should write all its output to the given
Selects a run-time behavior. Currently, option can only be
-t Turn on autocommit of transactions. In this mode, each SQL com-
mand is automatically committed unless it is inside an explicit
transaction block. In the default mode, commands are committed
only when EXEC SQL COMMIT is issued.
-v Print additional information including the version and the
--help Show a brief summary of the command usage, then exit.
Output version information, then exit.
When compiling the preprocessed C code files, the compiler needs to be
able to find the ECPG header files in the PostgreSQL include directory.
Therefore, one might have to use the -I option when invoking the com-
piler (e.g., -I/usr/local/pgsql/include).
Programs using C code with embedded SQL have to be linked against the
libecpg library, for example using the linker options
The value of either of these directories that is appropriate for the
installation can be found out using pg_config(1).
If you have an embedded SQL C source file named prog1.pgc, you can cre-
ate an executable program using the following sequence of commands:
cc -I/usr/local/pgsql/include -c prog1.c
cc -o prog1 prog1.o -L/usr/local/pgsql/lib -lecpg
Application 2005-01-17 ECPG(1)
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