join



JOIN(1)                          User Commands                         JOIN(1)




NAME

       join - join lines of two files on a common field


SYNOPSIS

       join [OPTION]... FILE1 FILE2


DESCRIPTION

       For  each  pair of input lines with identical join fields, write a line
       to standard output.  The default join field is the first, delimited  by
       whitespace.   When FILE1 or FILE2 (not both) is -, read standard input.

       -a FILENUM
              print unpairable lines coming from file FILENUM,  where  FILENUM
              is 1 or 2, corresponding to FILE1 or FILE2

       -e EMPTY
              replace missing input fields with EMPTY

       -i, --ignore-case ignore differences in case when comparing fields

       -j FIELD
              equivalent to ‘-1 FIELD -2 FIELD’

       -o FORMAT
              obey FORMAT while constructing output line

       -t CHAR
              use CHAR as input and output field separator

       -v FILENUM
              like -a FILENUM, but suppress joined output lines

       -1 FIELD
              join on this FIELD of file 1

       -2 FIELD
              join on this FIELD of file 2

       --help display this help and exit

       --version
              output version information and exit

       Unless  -t  CHAR  is  given,  leading  blanks  separate  fields and are
       ignored, else fields are separated by CHAR.  Any FIELD is a field  num-
       ber  counted  from  1.   FORMAT is one or more comma or blank separated
       specifications, each being ‘FILENUM.FIELD’ or ‘0’.  Default FORMAT out-
       puts  the  join  field,  the remaining fields from FILE1, the remaining
       fields from FILE2, all separated by CHAR.

       Important: FILE1 and FILE2 must be sorted on the join fields.


AUTHOR

       Written by Mike Haertel.


REPORTING BUGS

       Report bugs to <bug-coreutils@gnu.org>.


COPYRIGHT

       Copyright © 2004 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
       This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is
       NO  warranty;  not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
       PURPOSE.


SEE ALSO

       The full documentation for join is maintained as a Texinfo manual.   If
       the  info  and  join  programs are properly installed at your site, the
       command

              info coreutils join

       should give you access to the complete manual.



join (coreutils) 5.2.1             July 2005                           JOIN(1)

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