namei - follow a pathname until a terminal point is found
namei [-mx] pathname [ pathname ... ]
Namei uses its arguments as pathnames to any type of Unix file (sym-
links, files, directories, and so forth). Namei then follows each
pathname until a terminal point is found (a file, directory, char
device, etc). If it finds a symbolic link, we show the link, and start
following it, indenting the output to show the context.
This program is useful for finding a "too many levels of symbolic
For each line output, namei outputs a the following characters to iden-
tify the file types found:
f: = the pathname we are currently trying to resolve
d = directory
l = symbolic link (both the link and it’s contents are output)
s = socket
b = block device
c = character device
- = regular file
? = an error of some kind
Namei prints an informative message when the maximum number of symbolic
links this system can have has been exceeded.
-x Show mount point directories with a ’D’, rather than a ’d’.
-m Show the mode bits of each file type in the style of ls(1), for
Roger Southwick (firstname.lastname@example.org)
To be discovered.
Namei will follow an infinite loop of symbolic links forever. To
escape, use SIGINT (usually ^C).
Man(1) output converted with