net



NET(8)                                                                  NET(8)




NAME

       net - Tool for administration of Samba and remote CIFS servers.


SYNOPSIS

       net {<ads|rap|rpc>} [-h] [-w workgroup] [-W myworkgroup] [-U user]
           [-I ip-address] [-p port] [-n myname] [-s conffile] [-S server]
           [-l] [-P] [-D debuglevel]



DESCRIPTION

       This tool is part of the samba(7) suite.


       The samba net utility is meant to work just like the net utility avail-
       able for windows and DOS. The first argument should be used to  specify
       the  protocol  to use when executing a certain command. ADS is used for
       ActiveDirectory, RAP is using for old (Win9x/NT3) clients and  RPC  can
       be used for NT4 and Windows 2000. If this argument is omitted, net will
       try to determine it automatically. Not all commands  are  available  on
       all protocols.



OPTIONS

       -h|--help
              Print a summary of command line options.


       -w target-workgroup
              Sets target workgroup or domain. You have to specify either this
              option or the IP address or the name of a server.


       -W workgroup
              Sets client workgroup or domain


       -U user
              User name to use


       -I ip-address
              IP address of target server to use. You have to  specify  either
              this option or a target workgroup or a target server.


       -p port
              Port  on  the  target server to connect to (usually 139 or 445).
              Defaults to trying 445 first, then 139.


       -n <primary NetBIOS name>
              This option allows you to override the NetBIOS name  that  Samba
              uses  for itself. This is identical to setting the  parameter in
              the smb.conf file. However, a command  line  setting  will  take
              precedence over settings in smb.conf.


       -s <configuration file>
              The  file  specified contains the configuration details required
              by the server. The information in this file includes server-spe-
              cific  information such as what printcap file to use, as well as
              descriptions of all the services that the server is to  provide.
              See  smb.conf  for  more  information. The default configuration
              file name is determined at compile time.


       -S server
              Name of target server. You should specify either this option  or
              a target workgroup or a target IP address.


       -l     When listing data, give more information on each item.


       -P     Make queries to the external server using the machine account of
              the local server.


       -d|--debug=debuglevel
              debuglevel is an integer from 0 to 10. The default value if this
              parameter is not specified is zero.

              The higher this value, the more detail will be logged to the log
              files about the activities of the server. At level 0, only crit-
              ical  errors  and  serious warnings will be logged. Level 1 is a
              reasonable level for day-to-day running - it generates  a  small
              amount of information about operations carried out.

              Levels  above  1 will generate considerable amounts of log data,
              and should only be used when  investigating  a  problem.  Levels
              above  3  are  designed  for use only by developers and generate
              HUGE amounts of log data, most of which is extremely cryptic.

              Note that specifying this parameter here will override the   pa-
              rameter in the smb.conf file.



COMMANDS

   CHANGESECRETPW
       This  command  allows the Samba machine account password to be set from
       an external application to a machine account password that has  already
       been  stored  in  Active  Directory. DO NOT USE this command unless you
       know exactly what you are doing. The use of this command requires  that
       the  force  flag  (-f)  be  used also. There will be NO command prompt.
       Whatever information is piped into stdin, either by typing at the  com-
       mand line or otherwise, will be stored as the literal machine password.
       Do NOT use this without care and attention as it will overwrite  a  le-
       gitimate machine password without warning. YOU HAVE BEEN WARNED.


   TIME
       The  NET TIME command allows you to view the time on a remote server or
       synchronise the time on the local server with the time  on  the  remote
       server.


   TIME
       Without  any options, the NET TIME command displays the time on the re-
       mote server.


   TIME SYSTEM
       Displays the time on the remote server in a format ready for /bin/date


   TIME SET
       Tries to set the date and time of the local server to that on  the  re-
       mote server using /bin/date.


   TIME ZONE
       Displays the timezone in hours from GMT on the remote computer.


   [RPC|ADS] JOIN [TYPE] [-U username[%password]] [options]
       Join  a domain. If the account already exists on the server, and [TYPE]
       is MEMBER, the machine will attempt to  join  automatically.  (Assuming
       that the machine has been created in server manager) Otherwise, a pass-
       word will be prompted for, and a new account may be created.


       [TYPE] may be PDC, BDC or MEMBER to specify the type of server  joining
       the domain.


   [RPC] OLDJOIN [options]
       Join  a domain. Use the OLDJOIN option to join the domain using the old
       style of domain joining - you need to create a trust account in  server
       manager first.


   [RPC|ADS] USER
   [RPC|ADS] USER
       List all users


   [RPC|ADS] USER DELETE target
       Delete specified user


   [RPC|ADS] USER INFO target
       List the domain groups of a the specified user.


   [RPC|ADS] USER RENAME oldname newname
       Rename specified user.


   [RPC|ADS] USER ADD name [password] [-F user flags] [-C comment]
       Add specified user.


   [RPC|ADS] GROUP
   [RPC|ADS] GROUP [misc options] [targets]
       List user groups.


   [RPC|ADS] GROUP DELETE name [misc. options]
       Delete specified group.


   [RPC|ADS] GROUP ADD name [-C comment]
       Create specified group.


   [RAP|RPC] SHARE
   [RAP|RPC] SHARE [misc. options] [targets]
       Enumerates all exported resources (network shares) on target server.


   [RAP|RPC] SHARE ADD name=serverpath [-C comment] [-M maxusers] [targets]
       Adds  a  share from a server (makes the export active). Maxusers speci-
       fies the number of users that can be connected to the share  simultane-
       ously.


   SHARE DELETE sharenam
       Delete specified share.


   [RPC|RAP] FILE
   [RPC|RAP] FILE
       List all open files on remote server.


   [RPC|RAP] FILE CLOSE fileid
       Close file with specified fileid on remote server.


   [RPC|RAP] FILE INFO fileid
       Print  information  on specified fileid. Currently listed are: file-id,
       username, locks, path, permissions.


   [RAP|RPC] FILE USER
              Note



              Currently NOT implemented.



   SESSION
   RAP SESSION
       Without any other options, SESSION enumerates all active SMB/CIFS  ses-
       sions on the target server.


   RAP SESSION DELETE|CLOSE CLIENT_NAME
       Close the specified sessions.


   RAP SESSION INFO CLIENT_NAME
       Give a list with all the open files in specified session.


   RAP SERVER DOMAIN
       List  all  servers  in specified domain or workgroup. Defaults to local
       domain.


   RAP DOMAIN
       Lists all domains and workgroups visible on the current network.


   RAP PRINTQ
   RAP PRINTQ LIST QUEUE_NAME
       Lists the specified print queue and print jobs on the  server.  If  the
       QUEUE_NAME is omitted, all queues are listed.


   RAP PRINTQ DELETE JOBID
       Delete job with specified id.


   RAP VALIDATE user [password]
       Validate whether the specified user can log in to the remote server. If
       the password is not specified on the commandline, it will be  prompted.


              Note



              Currently NOT implemented.



   RAP GROUPMEMBER
   RAP GROUPMEMBER LIST GROUP
       List all members of the specified group.


   RAP GROUPMEMBER DELETE GROUP USER
       Delete member from group.


   RAP GROUPMEMBER ADD GROUP USER
       Add member to group.


   RAP ADMIN command
       Execute  the  specified  command  on the remote server. Only works with
       OS/2 servers.


              Note



              Currently NOT implemented.



   RAP SERVICE
   RAP SERVICE START NAME [arguments...]
       Start the specified service on the remote server. Not implemented  yet.


              Note



              Currently NOT implemented.



   RAP SERVICE STOP
       Stop the specified service on the remote server.


              Note



              Currently NOT implemented.



   RAP PASSWORD USER OLDPASS NEWPASS
       Change password of USER from OLDPASS to NEWPASS.


   LOOKUP
   LOOKUP HOST HOSTNAME [TYPE]
       Lookup  the  IP address of the given host with the specified type (net-
       bios suffix). The type defaults to 0x20 (workstation).


   LOOKUP LDAP [DOMAIN
       Give IP address of LDAP server of specified DOMAIN. Defaults  to  local
       domain.


   LOOKUP KDC [REALM]
       Give  IP  address  of  KDC  for  the specified REALM. Defaults to local
       realm.


   LOOKUP DC [DOMAIN]
       Give IP’s of Domain Controllers for specified  DOMAIN. Defaults to  lo-
       cal domain.


   LOOKUP MASTER DOMAIN
       Give  IP  of master browser for specified DOMAIN or workgroup. Defaults
       to local domain.


   CACHE
       Samba uses a general caching interface called  ’gencache’.  It  can  be
       controlled using ’NET CACHE’.


       All  the  timeout  parameters support the suffixes: s - Secondsm - Min-
       utesh - Hoursd - Daysw - Weeks


   CACHE ADD key data time-out
       Add specified key+data to the cache with the given timeout.


   CACHE DEL key
       Delete key from the cache.


   CACHE SET key data time-out
       Update data of existing cache entry.


   CACHE SEARCH PATTERN
       Search for the specified pattern in the cache data.


   CACHE LIST
       List all current items in the cache.


   CACHE FLUSH
       Remove all the current items from the cache.


   GETLOCALSID [DOMAIN]
       Print the SID of the specified domain, or if the parameter is  omitted,
       the SID of the domain the local server is in.


   SETLOCALSID S-1-5-21-x-y-z
       Sets domain sid for the local server to the specified SID.


   GROUPMAP
       Manage the mappings between Windows group SIDs and UNIX groups. Parame-
       ters take the for "parameter=value". Common options include:


       ·  unixgroup - Name of the UNIX group

       ·  ntgroup - Name of the Windows NT group (must be resolvable to a SID

       ·  rid - Unsigned 32-bit integer

       ·  sid - Full SID in the form of "S-1-..."

       ·  type - Type of the group; either ’domain’, ’local’, or ’builtin’

       ·  comment - Freeform text description of the group



   GROUPMAP ADD
       Add a new group mapping entry


       net  groupmap  add  {rid=int|sid=string}  unixgroup=string   [type={do-
       main|local}] [ntgroup=string] [comment=string]


   GROUPMAP DELETE
       Delete  a group mapping entry. If more then one group name matches, the
       first entry found is deleted.


       net groupmap delete {ntgroup=string|sid=SID}


   GROUPMAP MODIFY
       Update en existing group entry


       net groupmap modify {ntgroup=string|sid=SID}  [unixgroup=string]  [com-
       ment=string] [type={domain|local}]


   GROUPMAP LIST
       List existing group mapping entries


       net groupmap list [verbose] [ntgroup=string] [sid=SID]


   MAXRID
       Prints out the highest RID currently in use on the local server (by the
       active ’passdb backend’).


   RPC INFO
       Print information about the domain of the remote server, such as domain
       name, domain sid and number of users and groups.


   [RPC|ADS] TESTJOIN
       Check whether participation in a domain is still valid.


   [RPC|ADS] CHANGETRUSTPW
       Force change of domain trust password.


   RPC TRUSTDOM
   RPC TRUSTDOM ADD DOMAIN
       Add a interdomain trust account for DOMAIN to the remote server.


   RPC TRUSTDOM DEL DOMAIM
       Remove interdomain trust account for DOMAIN from the remote server.


              Note



              Currently NOT implemented.



   RPC TRUSTDOM ESTABLISH DOMAIN
       Establish  a  trust  relationship to a trusting domain. Interdomain ac-
       count must already be created on the remote PDC.


   RPC TRUSTDOM REVOKE DOMAIN
       Abandon relationship to trusted domain


   RPC TRUSTDOM LIST
       List all current interdomain trust relationships.


   RPC RIGHTS
       This subcommand is used to view and manage Samba’s  rights  assignments
       (also  referred  to  as  privileges).  There  are three options current
       available: list, grant, and revoke. More details on  Samba’s  privilege
       model and its use can be found in the Samba-HOWTO-Collection.


   RPC ABORTSHUTDOWN
       Abort the shutdown of a remote server.


   SHUTDOWN [-t timeout] [-r] [-f] [-C message]
       Shut down the remote server.


       -r     Reboot after shutdown.


       -f     Force shutting down all applications.


       -t timeout
              Timeout  before system will be shut down. An interactive user of
              the system can use this time to cancel the shutdown.


       -C message
              Display the specified message on  the  screen  to  announce  the
              shutdown.


   SAMDUMP
       Print out sam database of remote server. You need to run this on either
       a BDC.


   VAMPIRE
       Export users, aliases and groups from remote server  to  local  server.
       Can only be run an a BDC.


   GETSID
       Fetch domain SID and store it in the local secrets.tdb.


   ADS LEAVE
       Make the remote host leave the domain it is part of.


   ADS STATUS
       Print out status of machine account of the local machine in ADS. Prints
       out quite some debug info. Aimed at developers,  regular  users  should
       use NET ADS TESTJOIN.


   ADS PRINTER
   ADS PRINTER INFO [PRINTER] [SERVER]
       Lookup  info  for  PRINTER on SERVER. The printer name defaults to "*",
       the server name defaults to the local host.


   ADS PRINTER PUBLISH PRINTER
       Publish specified printer using ADS.


   ADS PRINTER REMOVE PRINTER
       Remove specified printer from ADS directory.


   ADS SEARCH EXPRESSION ATTRIBUTES...
       Perform a raw LDAP search on a ADS server and dump the results. The ex-
       pression is a standard LDAP search expression, and the attributes are a
       list of LDAP fields to show in the results.


       Example: net ads search (objectCategory=group) sAMAccountName


   ADS DN DN (attributes)
       Perform a raw LDAP search on a ADS server and dump the results. The  DN
       standard  LDAP DN, and the attributes are a list of LDAP fields to show
       in the result.


       Example: net ads dn CN=administrator,CN=Users,DC=my,DC=domain  SAMAc-
       countName


   WORKGROUP
       Print out workgroup name for specified kerberos realm.


   HELP [COMMAND]
       Gives usage information for the specified command.



VERSION

       This man page is complete for version 3.0 of the Samba suite.



AUTHOR

       The  original  Samba software and related utilities were created by An-
       drew Tridgell. Samba is now developed by the  Samba  Team  as  an  Open
       Source project similar to the way the Linux kernel is developed.


       The net manpage was written by Jelmer Vernooij.




                                                                        NET(8)

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