OSPAM(1) ospam OSPAM(1)
ospam - An SGML System Conforming to International Standard ISO 8879 --
Standard Generalized Markup Language. An SGML Extended Facilities sys-
tem conforming to Annex A of Internation Standard ISO/IEC 10744 --
Hypermedia/Time-based Structuring Language.
ospam [-CeghilprRvx] [-alinktype] [-Aarchitecture]
[-bbctf] [-ccatalog_file] [-Ddirectory]
[-ffile] [-mmarkup_option] [-oentity_name]
ospam (OpenSP Add Markup) is an SGML markup stream editor implemented
using the OpenSP parser. ospam parses the SGML document contained in
sysid and copies to the standard output the portion of the document
entity containing the document instance, adding or changing markup as
specified by the -m options. The -p option can be used to include the
SGML declaration and prolog in the output. The -o option can be used to
output other entities. The -x option can be used to expand entity ref-
The following options are available:
Make doctype or linktype name active.
Parse with respect to architecture architecture.
Use bctf bctf for output.
Use the catalog entry file sysid.
This has the same effect as in onsgmls(1).
Search directory for files specified in system identifiers. This
has the same effect as in onsgmls(1).
Describe open entities in error messages.
Exit after max_errors errors are encountered.
Redirect errors to file. This is useful mainly with shells that
do not support redirection of stderr.
Hoist omitted tags out from the start of internal entities. If
the text at the beginning of an internal entity causes a tag to
be implied, the tag will usually be treated as being in that
internal entity; this option will instead cause it to be treated
as being in the entity that referenced the internal entity. This
option makes a difference in conjunction with -momittag or -x
--help Display a help text and exit.
This has the same effect as in onsgmls(1).
Prefer lower-case. Added names that were subject to upper-case
substitution will be converted to lower-case.
Change the markup in the output according to the value of
markup_option as follows:
omittag Add tags that were omitted using omitted tag minimiza-
tion. End tags that were omitted because the element has a
declared content of EMPTY or an explicit content reference will
not be added.
shortref Replace short references by named entity references.
net Change null end-tags into unminimized end-tags, and change
net-enabling start-tags into unminimized start-tags.
emptytag Change empty tags into unminimized tags.
unclosed Change unclosed tags into unminimized tags.
attname Add omitted attribute names and vis.
attvalue Add literal delimiters omitted from attribute values.
attspec Add omitted attribute specifications.
current Add omitted attribute specifications for current
attributes. This option is implied by the attspec option.
shorttag Equivalent to combination of net, emptytag, unclosed,
attname, attvalue and attspec options.
rank Add omitted rank suffixes.
reserved Put reserved names in upper-case.
ms Remove marked section declarations whose effective status is
IGNORE, and replace each marked section declaration whose effec-
tive status is INCLUDE by its marked section. In the document
instance, empty comments will be added before or after the
marked section declaration to ensure that ignored record ends
Multiple -m options are allowed.
Show error numbers in error messages.
Output the general entity name instead of the document entity.
The output will correspond to the first time that the entity is
referenced in content.
Output the part of the document entity containing the SGML dec-
laration (if it was explicitly present in the document entity)
and the prolog before anything else. If this option is specified
two or more times, then all entity references occurring between
declarations in the prolog will be expanded; this includes the
implicit reference to the entity containing the external subset
of the DTD, if there is one. Note that the SGML declaration will
not be included if it was specified by an SGMLDECL entry in a
Don’t perform any conversion on RSs and REs when outputting the
entity. The entity would typically have the storage manager
This as the same effect as in onsgmls(1)
Print the version number.
Control warnings and errors according to type. This has the same
effect as in onsgmls(1).
Expand references to entities that are changed. If this option
is specified two or more times, then all references to entities
that contain tags will be expanded.
Omitted tags are added at the point where they are implied by the SGML
parser (except as modified by the -h option); this is often not quite
where they are wanted.
The case of general delimiters is not preserved.
Incorrect results may be produced if a variant concrete syntax is used
which is such that there are delimiters in markup to be added that have
a prefix that is a proper suffix of some other delimiter.
If an entity reference in a default value uses the default entity and
an entity with that name is subsequently defined and that default value
is added to the document instance, then the resulting document may not
be equivalent to the original document. ospam will give a warning when
the first two conditions are met.
onsgmls(1), ospent(1), onsgmlnorm(1), osx(1)
James Clark, Ian Castle <email@example.com>.
OpenJade November 2002 OSPAM(1)
Man(1) output converted with