PRINTF(1) User Commands PRINTF(1)
printf - format and print data
printf FORMAT [ARGUMENT]...
NOTE: your shell may have its own version of printf which will
supercede the version described here. Please refer to your shell’s doc-
umentation for details about the options it supports.
Print ARGUMENT(s) according to FORMAT.
--help display this help and exit
output version information and exit
FORMAT controls the output as in C printf. Interpreted sequences are:
\" double quote
\NNN character with octal value NNN (1 to 3 digits)
\a alert (BEL)
\c produce no further output
\f form feed
\n new line
\r carriage return
\t horizontal tab
\v vertical tab
\xNN byte with hexadecimal value NN (1 to 2 digits)
\uNNNN character with hexadecimal value NNNN (4 digits)
character with hexadecimal value NNNNNNNN (8 digits)
%% a single %
%b ARGUMENT as a string with ‘\’ escapes interpreted,
except that octal escapes are of the form \0 or \0NNN
and all C format specifications ending with one of diouxXfeEgGcs, with
ARGUMENTs converted to proper type first. Variable widths are handled.
Written by David MacKenzie.
Report bugs to <email@example.com>.
Copyright © 2004 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is
NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
The full documentation for printf is maintained as a Texinfo manual.
If the info and printf programs are properly installed at your site,
info coreutils printf
should give you access to the complete manual.
printf 5.2.1 July 2005 PRINTF(1)
Man(1) output converted with