saned(8) SANE Scanner Access Now Easy saned(8)
saned - SANE network daemon
saned [-d|-s [n]]
saned is the SANE (Scanner Access Now Easy) daemon that allows remote
clients to access image acquisition devices available on the local
The -d and -s flags request that saned run in debug mode (as opposed to
inetd(8) mode). In this mode, saned explicitly waits for a connection
request. When compiled with debugging enabled, these flags may be fol-
lowed by a number to request debug info. The larger the number, the
more verbose the debug output. E.g., -d128 will request printing of
all debug info. Debug level 0 means no debug output at all. The default
value is 2. If flag -d is used, the debug messages will be printed to
stderr while -s requests using syslog.
If saned is run from inetd or xinetd, no option can be given.
First and foremost: saned is not intended to be exposed to the internet
or other non-trusted networks. Make sure that access is limited by tcp-
wrappers and/or a firewall setup. Don’t depend only on saned’s own
authentification. Don’t run saned as root if it’s not necessary. And do
not install saned as setuid root.
The contents of the saned.conf file is a list of host names, IP
addresses or IP subnets (CIDR notation) that are permitted to use local
SANE devices. IPv6 addresses must be enclosed in brackets, and should
always be specified in their compressed form. Connections from local-
host are always permitted. Empty lines and lines starting with a hash
mark (#) are ignored. A line containing the single character ‘‘+’’ is
interpreted to match any hostname. This allows any remote machine to
use your scanner and may present a security risk, so this shouldn’t be
used unless you know what you’re doing. A sample configuration file is
# this is a comment
The case of the host names does not matter, so AHost.COM is considered
identical to ahost.com.
For saned to work properly, it is also necessary to add a configuration
line to /etc/inetd.conf. Note that your inetd must support IPv6 if you
want to connect to saned over IPv6 ; xinetd and openbsd-inetd are known
to support IPv6, check the documentation for your inetd daemon.
The configuration line normally looks like this:
sane-port stream tcp nowait saned.saned /usr/sbin/saned saned
However, if your system uses tcpd(8) for additional security screening,
you may want to disable saned access control by putting ‘‘+’’ in
saned.conf and use a line of the following form in /etc/inetd.conf
sane-port stream tcp nowait saned.saned /usr/sbin/tcpd
Note that both examples assume that there is a saned group and a saned
user. If you follow this example, please make sure that the access
permissions on the special device are set such that saned can access
the scanner (the program generally needs read and write access to scan-
If xinetd is installed on your system instead of inetd the following
example for xinetd.conf may be helpful:
# default: off
# description: The sane server accepts requests
# for network access to a local scanner via the
port = 6566
socket_type = stream
wait = no
user = saned
group = saned
server = /usr/sbin/saned
Finally, it is also necessary to add a line of the following form to
sane-port 6566/tcp # SANE network scanner daemon
The official IANA short name for port 6566 is "sane-port". The older
name "sane" is now deprecated.
In addition to the control connection (port 6566) saned also uses a
data connection. The port of this socket is selected by the operating
system and can’t be specified by the user currently. This may be a
problem if the connection must go through a firewall (packet filter).
If you must use a packet filter, make sure that all ports > 1024 are
open on the server for connections from the client.
The hosts listed in this file are permitted to access all local
SANE devices. Caveat: this file imposes serious security risks
and its use is not recommended.
Contains a list of hosts permitted to access local SANE devices
(see also description of SANE_CONFIG_DIR below).
If this file contains lines of the form
access to the listed backends is restricted. A backend may be
listed multiple times for different user/password combinations.
The server uses MD5 encryption if supported by the client.
This environment variable specifies the list of directories that
may contain the configuration file. Under UNIX, the directories
are separated by a colon (‘:’), under OS/2, they are separated
by a semi-colon (‘;’). If this variable is not set, the config-
uration file is searched in two default directories: first, the
current working directory (".") and then in /etc/sane.d. If the
value of the environment variable ends with the directory sepa-
rator character, then the default directories are searched after
the explicitly specified directories. For example, setting
SANE_CONFIG_DIR to "/tmp/config:" would result in directories
"tmp/config", ".", and "/etc/sane.d" being searched (in this
sane(7), scanimage(1), xscanimage(1), xcam(1), sane-dll(5), sane-
sane-backends 1.0.17 30 May 2004 saned(8)
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