xrdb



XRDB(1)                                                                XRDB(1)




NAME

       xrdb - X server resource database utility


SYNOPSIS

       xrdb [-option ...] [filename]


DESCRIPTION

       Xrdb  is  used to get or set the contents of the RESOURCE_MANAGER prop-
       erty on the root window of screen 0, or the  SCREEN_RESOURCES  property
       on  the root window of any or all screens, or everything combined.  You
       would normally run this program from your X startup file.

       Most X clients use the RESOURCE_MANAGER and SCREEN_RESOURCES properties
       to get user preferences about color, fonts, and so on for applications.
       Having this information in the server (where it  is  available  to  all
       clients) instead of on disk, solves the problem in previous versions of
       X that required you to maintain defaults files on  every  machine  that
       you might use.  It also allows for dynamic changing of defaults without
       editing files.

       The RESOURCE_MANAGER property is used for resources that apply  to  all
       screens  of  the display.  The SCREEN_RESOURCES property on each screen
       specifies additional (or overriding) resources  to  be  used  for  that
       screen.   (When  there is only one screen, SCREEN_RESOURCES is normally
       not used, all resources are just placed in the  RESOURCE_MANAGER  prop-
       erty.)

       The  file specified by filename (or the contents from standard input if
       - or no filename is given) is optionally passed through the  C  prepro-
       cessor with the following symbols defined, based on the capabilities of
       the server being used:

       SERVERHOST=hostname
               the hostname portion of the display to which you are connected.

       SRVR_name
               the  SERVERHOST hostname string turned into a legal identifier.
               For        example,        "my-dpy.lcs.mit.edu"         becomes
               SRVR_my_dpy_lcs_mit_edu.

       HOST=hostname
               the same as SERVERHOST.

       DISPLAY_NUM=num
               the number of the display on the server host.

       CLIENTHOST=hostname
               the name of the host on which xrdb is running.

       CLNT_name
               the  CLIENTHOST hostname string turned into a legal identifier.
               For example, "expo.lcs.mit.edu" becomes  CLNT_expo_lcs_mit_edu.

       RELEASE=num
               the  vendor  release number for the server.  The interpretation
               of this number will vary depending on VENDOR.

       REVISION=num
               the X protocol minor version supported  by  this  server  (cur-
               rently 0).

       VERSION=num
               the  X  protocol major version supported by this server (should
               always be 11).

       VENDOR="vendor"
               a string literal specifying the vendor of the server.

       VNDR_name
               the VENDOR name string turned into  a  legal  identifier.   For
               example, "MIT X Consortium" becomes VNDR_MIT_X_Consortium.

       EXT_name
               A  symbol  is  defined for each protocol extension supported by
               the server.  Each extension string name is turned into a  legal
               identifier.  For example, "X3D-PEX" becomes EXT_X3D_PEX.

       NUM_SCREENS=num
               the total number of screens.

       SCREEN_NUM=num
               the number of the current screen (from zero).

       BITS_PER_RGB=num
               the  number  of significant bits in an RGB color specification.
               This is the log base 2 of the number of distinct shades of each
               primary  that  the hardware can generate.  Note that it usually
               is not related to PLANES.

       CLASS=visualclass
               one of StaticGray, GrayScale, StaticColor,  PseudoColor,  True-
               Color,  DirectColor.  This is the visual class of the root win-
               dow.

       CLASS_visualclass=visualid
               the visual class of the root window in a form  you  can  #ifdef
               on.  The value is the numeric id of the visual.

       COLOR   defined only if CLASS is one of StaticColor, PseudoColor, True-
               Color, or DirectColor.

       CLASS_visualclass_depth=num
               A symbol is defined for each visual supported for  the  screen.
               The  symbol includes the class of the visual and its depth; the
               value is the numeric id of  the  visual.   (If  more  than  one
               visual  has  the  same  class  and depth, the numeric id of the
               first one reported by the server is used.)

       HEIGHT=num
               the height of the root window in pixels.

       WIDTH=num
               the width of the root window in pixels.

       PLANES=num
               the number of bit planes (the depth) of the root window.

       X_RESOLUTION=num
               the x resolution of the screen in pixels per meter.

       Y_RESOLUTION=num
               the y resolution of the screen in pixels per meter.

       SRVR_name, CLNT_name, VNDR_name, and EXT_name identifiers are formed by
       changing  all characters other than letters and digits into underscores
       (_).

       Lines that begin with an exclamation mark (!) are ignored  and  may  be
       used as comments.

       Note  that  since  xrdb can read from standard input, it can be used to
       the change the contents of properties directly from a terminal or  from
       a shell script.


OPTIONS

       xrdb program accepts the following options:

       -help   This  option  (or  any  unsupported  option) will cause a brief
               description of the  allowable  options  and  parameters  to  be
               printed.

       -display display
               This  option  specifies the X server to be used; see X(7x).  It
               also specifies the screen to use for the -screen option, and it
               specifies  the  screen  from  which  preprocessor  symbols  are
               derived for the -global option.

       -all    This option indicates that operation should be performed on the
               screen-independent  resource  property  (RESOURCE_MANAGER),  as
               well as  the  screen-specific  property  (SCREEN_RESOURCES)  on
               every  screen  of  the display.  For example, when used in con-
               junction with -query, the contents of all properties  are  out-
               put.   For  -load, -override and -merge, the input file is pro-
               cessed once for each screen.  The resources which occur in com-
               mon in the output for every screen are collected, and these are
               applied as the  screen-independent  resources.   The  remaining
               resources  are applied for each individual per-screen property.
               This the default mode of operation.

       -global This option indicates that the operation should  only  be  per-
               formed on the screen-independent RESOURCE_MANAGER property.

       -screen This  option  indicates  that the operation should only be per-
               formed on the SCREEN_RESOURCES property of the  default  screen
               of the display.

       -screens
               This option indicates that the operation should be performed on
               the SCREEN_RESOURCES property of each screen  of  the  display.
               For  -load,  -override  and -merge, the input file is processed
               for each screen.

       -n      This option indicates that changes to the specified  properties
               (when  used with -load, -override or -merge) or to the resource
               file (when used with -edit) should be  shown  on  the  standard
               output, but should not be performed.

       -quiet  This  option  indicates  that  warning  about duplicate entries
               should not be displayed.

       -cpp filename
               This option specifies the pathname of the C  preprocessor  pro-
               gram  to  be  used.  Although xrdb was designed to use CPP, any
               program that acts as a filter and accepts the -D,  -I,  and  -U
               options may be used.

       -nocpp  This  option  indicates that xrdb should not run the input file
               through a preprocessor before loading it into properties.

       -symbols
               This option indicates that the symbols that are defined for the
               preprocessor should be printed onto the standard output.

       -query  This  option  indicates that the current contents of the speci-
               fied properties should be printed  onto  the  standard  output.
               Note  that  since  preprocessor  commands in the input resource
               file are part of the input file, not part of the property, they
               won’t  appear in the output from this option.  The -edit option
               can be used to merge the contents of properties back  into  the
               input resource file without damaging preprocessor commands.

       -load   This  option  indicates  that the input should be loaded as the
               new value of the specified properties, replacing  whatever  was
               there  (i.e.   the  old  contents  are  removed).   This is the
               default action.

       -override
               This option indicates  that  the  input  should  be  added  to,
               instead  of  replacing,  the  current contents of the specified
               properties.  New entries override previous entries.

       -merge  This option indicates that the input should be merged and lexi-
               cographically  sorted  with,  instead of replacing, the current
               contents of the specified properties.

       -remove This option indicates that the specified properties  should  be
               removed from the server.

       -retain This  option indicates that the server should be instructed not
               to reset if xrdb is the first client.  This never be  necessary
               under  normal conditions, since xdm and xinit always act as the
               first client.

       -edit filename
               This option indicates that the contents of the specified  prop-
               erties should be edited into the given file, replacing any val-
               ues already listed there.  This allows you to put changes  that
               you  have  made  to your defaults back into your resource file,
               preserving any comments or preprocessor lines.

       -backup string
               This option specifies a suffix to be appended to  the  filename
               used with -edit to generate a backup file.

       -Dname[=value]
               This  option  is passed through to the preprocessor and is used
               to define symbols for use with conditionals such as

       -Uname  This option is passed through to the preprocessor and  is  used
               to remove any definitions of this symbol.

       -Idirectory
               This  option  is passed through to the preprocessor and is used
               to specify a directory to search for files that are  referenced
               with #include.


FILES

       Generalizes ~/.Xdefaults files.


SEE ALSO

       X(7x), Xlib Resource Manager documentation, Xt resource documentation


ENVIRONMENT

       DISPLAY to figure out which display to use.


BUGS

       The  default  for no arguments should be to query, not to overwrite, so
       that it is consistent with other programs.


AUTHORS

       Bob Scheifler, Phil Karlton, rewritten from the original by Jim Gettys



                                                                       XRDB(1)

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