zshzle



ZSHZLE(1)                                                            ZSHZLE(1)




NAME

       zshzle - zsh command line editor


DESCRIPTION

       If the ZLE option is set (which it is by default in interactive shells)
       and the shell input is attached to the terminal, the user  is  able  to
       edit command lines.

       There  are  two  display  modes.   The  first,  multiline  mode, is the
       default.  It only works if the TERM parameter is set to a valid  termi-
       nal type that can move the cursor up.  The second, single line mode, is
       used if TERM is invalid or incapable of moving the cursor up, or if the
       SINGLE_LINE_ZLE  option  is set.  This mode is similar to ksh, and uses
       no termcap sequences.  If TERM is "emacs", the ZLE option will be unset
       by default.

       The  parameters BAUD, COLUMNS, and LINES are also used by the line edi-
       tor.  See Parameters Used By The Shell in zshparam(1).




KEYMAPS

       A keymap in ZLE contains a set of bindings between  key  sequences  and
       ZLE commands.  The empty key sequence cannot be bound.

       There can be any number of keymaps at any time, and each keymap has one
       or more names.  If all of a keymap’s names are deleted, it  disappears.
       bindkey can be used to manipulate keymap names.

       Initially, there are four keymaps:

       emacs  EMACS emulation
       viins  vi emulation - insert mode
       vicmd  vi emulation - command mode
       .safe  fallback keymap

       The  ‘.safe’  keymap is special.  It can never be altered, and the name
       can never be removed.  However, it can be linked to other names,  which
       can  be  removed.   In  the  future other special keymaps may be added;
       users should avoid  using  names  beginning  with  ‘.’  for  their  own
       keymaps.

       In  addition  to  these  four  names, either ‘emacs’ or ‘viins’ is also
       linked to the name ‘main’.  If one of the VISUAL or EDITOR  environment
       variables contain the string ‘vi’ when the shell starts up then it will
       be ‘viins’, otherwise it will be ‘emacs’.  bindkey’s -e and -v  options
       provide a convenient way to override this default choice.

       When  the  editor starts up, it will select the ‘main’ keymap.  If that
       keymap doesn’t exist, it will use ‘.safe’ instead.

       In the ‘.safe’ keymap, each single key is bound to self-insert,  except
       for  ^J  (line  feed)  and  ^M (return) which are bound to accept-line.
       This is deliberately not pleasant to use; if you are using it, it means
       you deleted the main keymap, and you should put it back.

   Reading Commands
       When ZLE is reading a command from the terminal, it may read a sequence
       that is bound to some command and is also a prefix of  a  longer  bound
       string.  In this case ZLE will wait a certain time to see if more char-
       acters are typed, and if not (or they don’t match any longer string) it
       will  execute  the  binding.  This timeout is defined by the KEYTIMEOUT
       parameter; its default is 0.4 sec.  There is no timeout if  the  prefix
       string is not itself bound to a command.

       As  well  as ZLE commands, key sequences can be bound to other strings,
       by using ‘bindkey -s’.  When such a sequence is read,  the  replacement
       string  is pushed back as input, and the command reading process starts
       again using these fake keystrokes.  This input can itself  invoke  fur-
       ther replacement strings, but in order to detect loops the process will
       be stopped if there are twenty such replacements without a real command
       being read.



ZLE BUILTINS

       The  ZLE  module  contains  three related builtin commands. The bindkey
       command manipulates keymaps and key bindings; the vared command invokes
       ZLE  on the value of a shell parameter; and the zle command manipulates
       editing widgets and allows command line access  to  ZLE  commands  from
       within shell functions.

       bindkey [ options ] -l
       bindkey [ options ] -d
       bindkey [ options ] -D keymap ...
       bindkey [ options ] -A old-keymap new-keymap
       bindkey [ options ] -N new-keymap [ old-keymap ]
       bindkey [ options ] -m
       bindkey [ options ] -r in-string ...
       bindkey [ options ] -s in-string out-string ...
       bindkey [ options ] in-string command ...
       bindkey [ options ] [ in-string ]
              bindkey’s  options  can be divided into three categories: keymap
              selection, operation selection, and others.  The  keymap  selec-
              tion options are:

              -e     Selects keymap ‘emacs’, and also links it to ‘main’.

              -v     Selects keymap ‘viins’, and also links it to ‘main’.

              -a     Selects keymap ‘vicmd’.

              -M keymap
                     The keymap specifies a keymap name.

              If  a keymap selection is required and none of the options above
              are used, the ‘main’ keymap is used.   Some  operations  do  not
              permit a keymap to be selected, namely:

              -l     List all existing keymap names.  If the -L option is also
                     used, list in the form of bindkey commands to create  the
                     keymaps.

              -d     Delete  all  existing  keymaps  and  reset to the default
                     state.

              -D keymap ...
                     Delete the named keymaps.

              -A old-keymap new-keymap
                     Make the new-keymap name an alias for old-keymap, so that
                     both  names  refer  to  the  same keymap.  The names have
                     equal standing; if either is deleted, the other  remains.
                     If there is already a keymap with the new-keymap name, it
                     is deleted.

              -N new-keymap [ old-keymap ]
                     Create a new  keymap,  named  new-keymap.   If  a  keymap
                     already  has  that name, it is deleted.  If an old-keymap
                     name is given, the new keymap  is  initialized  to  be  a
                     duplicate  of it, otherwise the new keymap will be empty.

              To use a newly created keymap, it  should  be  linked  to  main.
              Hence  the  sequence  of commands to create and use a new keymap
              ‘mymap’  initialized  from  the  emacs  keymap  (which   remains
              unchanged) is:

                     bindkey -N mymap emacs
                     bindkey -A mymap main

              Note  that  while ‘bindkey -A newmap main’ will work when newmap
              is emacs or viins, it will not work for vicmd, as switching from
              vi insert to command mode becomes impossible.

              The  following  operations act on the ‘main’ keymap if no keymap
              selection option was given:

              -m     Add the built-in set of meta-key bindings to the selected
                     keymap.    Only   keys  that  are  unbound  or  bound  to
                     self-insert are affected.

              -r in-string ...
                     Unbind the specified in-strings in the  selected  keymap.
                     This  is  exactly  equivalent  to  binding the strings to
                     undefined-key.

                     When -R is also used, interpret the in-strings as ranges.

                     When  -p  is  also used, the in-strings specify prefixes.
                     Any binding that has the given in-string as a prefix, not
                     including  the  binding for the in-string itself, if any,
                     will be removed.  For example,

                             bindkey -rpM viins ^[

                     will remove all bindings in the vi-insert  keymap  begin-
                     ning with an escape character (probably cursor keys), but
                     leave the binding for the escape character itself (proba-
                     bly  vi-cmd-mode).   This is incompatible with the option
                     -R.

              -s in-string out-string ...
                     Bind each in-string to each out-string.   When  in-string
                     is  typed,  out-string will be pushed back and treated as
                     input to the line editor.  When -R is also  used,  inter-
                     pret the in-strings as ranges.

              in-string command ...
                     Bind  each  in-string  to each command.  When -R is used,
                     interpret the in-strings as ranges.

              [ in-string ]
                     List key bindings.  If an  in-string  is  specified,  the
                     binding  of  that  string  in the selected keymap is dis-
                     played.  Otherwise, all  key  bindings  in  the  selected
                     keymap  are  displayed.  (As a special case, if the -e or
                     -v option is used alone, the keymap is  not  displayed  -
                     the  implicit  linking  of keymaps is the only thing that
                     happens.)

                     When the  option  -p  is  used,  the  in-string  must  be
                     present.   The  listing shows all bindings which have the
                     given key sequence as a prefix, not including  any  bind-
                     ings for the key sequence itself.

                     When  the  -L  option is used, the list is in the form of
                     bindkey commands to create the key bindings.

       When the -R option is used as noted above, a valid  range  consists  of
       two  characters,  with  an  optional  ‘-’ between them.  All characters
       between the two specified, inclusive, are bound as specified.

       For either in-string or out-string, the following escape sequences  are
       recognised:

       \a     bell character
       \b     backspace
       \e, \E escape
       \f     form feed
       \n     linefeed (newline)
       \r     carriage return
       \t     horizontal tab
       \v     vertical tab
       \NNN   character code in octal
       \xNN   character code in hexadecimal
       \M[-]X character with meta bit set
       \C[-]X control character
       ^X     control character

       In  all  other  cases,  ‘\’ escapes the following character.  Delete is
       written as ‘^?’.  Note that ‘\M^?’ and ‘^\M?’ are  not  the  same,  and
       that  (unlike  emacs),  the bindings ‘\M-X’ and ‘\eX’ are entirely dis-
       tinct, although they are initialized to the same bindings  by  ‘bindkey
       -m’.

       vared [ -Aache ] [ -p prompt ] [ -r rprompt ]
         [ -M main-keymap ] [ -m vicmd-keymap ] name
              The  value of the parameter name is loaded into the edit buffer,
              and the line editor is invoked.  When the editor exits, name  is
              set  to  the  string  value returned by the editor.  When the -c
              flag is given, the parameter is created if  it  doesn’t  already
              exist.   The  -a  flag  may  be given with -c to create an array
              parameter, or the -A flag to create an  associative  array.   If
              the  type of an existing parameter does not match the type to be
              created, the parameter is unset and recreated.

              If an array or array slice is being edited, separator characters
              as  defined  in  $IFS  will be shown quoted with a backslash, as
              will backslashes themselves.  Conversely, when the  edited  text
              is  split  into an array, a backslash quotes an immediately fol-
              lowing separator character or backslash; no other  special  han-
              dling of backslashes, or any handling of quotes, is performed.

              Individual  elements  of  existing  array  or  associative array
              parameters may be edited by using subscript syntax on name.  New
              elements are created automatically, even without -c.

              If  the  -p flag is given, the following string will be taken as
              the prompt to display at the left.  If the -r flag is given, the
              following  string  gives the prompt to display at the right.  If
              the -h flag is specified, the history can be accessed from  ZLE.
              If  the -e flag is given, typing ^D (Control-D) on an empty line
              causes vared to exit immediately with a non-zero return value.

              The -M option gives a keymap to link to the main  keymap  during
              editing,  and  the -m option gives a keymap to link to the vicmd
              keymap during editing.  For vi-style editing, this allows a pair
              of  keymaps  to override viins and vicmd.  For emacs-style edit-
              ing, only -M is normally needed but the -m option may  still  be
              used.  On exit, the previous keymaps will be restored.

       zle -l [ -L | -a ] [ string ... ]
       zle -D widget ...
       zle -A old-widget new-widget
       zle -N widget [ function ]
       zle -C widget completion-widget function
       zle -R [ -c ] [ display-string ] [ string ... ]
       zle -M string
       zle -U string
       zle -K keymap
       zle -F [ -L ] [ fd [ handler ] ]
       zle -I
       zle widget [ -n num ] [ -N ] args ...
       zle    The  zle builtin performs a number of different actions concern-
              ing ZLE.  Which operation it performs depends on its options:

              -l [ -L | -a ]
                     List all existing user-defined widgets.  If the -L option
                     is  used,  list in the form of zle commands to create the
                     widgets.

                     When combined with the -a option, all  widget  names  are
                     listed,  including  the builtin ones. In this case the -L
                     option is ignored.

                     If at least one string is given, nothing will be  printed
                     but  the  return  status  will be zero if all strings are
                     names of existing widgets (or of user-defined widgets  if
                     the  -a  flag  is not given) and non-zero if at least one
                     string is not a name of an defined widget.

              -D widget ...
                     Delete the named widgets.

              -A old-widget new-widget
                     Make the new-widget name an alias for old-widget, so that
                     both  names  refer  to  the  same widget.  The names have
                     equal standing; if either is deleted, the other  remains.
                     If there is already a widget with the new-widget name, it
                     is deleted.

              -N widget [ function ]
                     Create a user-defined widget.  If there is already a wid-
                     get with the specified name, it is overwritten.  When the
                     new widget is invoked from within the editor, the  speci-
                     fied  shell  function  is called.  If no function name is
                     specified, it defaults to the same name  as  the  widget.
                     For  further information, see the section Widgets in zsh-
                     zle(1).

              -C widget completion-widget function
                     Create a user-defined completion widget named widget. The
                     completion  widget  will behave like the built-in comple-
                     tion-widget whose name is given as completion-widget.  To
                     generate  the  completions,  the  shell function function
                     will be called.  For further  information,  see  zshcomp-
                     wid(1).

              -R [ -c ] [ display-string ] [ string ... ]
                     Redisplay  the  command  line;  this is to be called from
                     within a user-defined widget to allow changes  to  become
                     visible.   If  a  display-string  is given and not empty,
                     this is shown in the status line (immediately  below  the
                     line being edited).

                     If  the  optional strings are given they are listed below
                     the prompt in  the  same  way  as  completion  lists  are
                     printed.  If  no  strings  are given but the -c option is
                     used such a list is cleared.

                     Note that this option is only useful for widgets that  do
                     not  exit  immediately after using it because the strings
                     displayed will be erased immediately  after  return  from
                     the widget.

                     This  command  can  safely be called outside user defined
                     widgets; if zle is active, the display will be refreshed,
                     while  if  zle  is not active, the command has no effect.
                     In this case there will usually be  no  other  arguments.
                     The status is zero if zle was active, else one.

              -M string
                     As with the -R option, the string will be displayed below
                     the command line; unlike the -R option, the  string  will
                     not  be  put  into  the  status  line but will instead be
                     printed normally below the prompt.  This means  that  the
                     string  will  still be displayed after the widget returns
                     (until it is overwritten by subsequent commands).

              -U string
                     This pushes the characters in the string onto  the  input
                     stack  of  ZLE.  After the widget currently executed fin-
                     ishes ZLE will behave as if the characters in the  string
                     were typed by the user.

                     As  ZLE  uses  a stack, if this option is used repeatedly
                     the last string pushed onto the stack will  be  processed
                     first.   However,  the  characters in each string will be
                     processed in the  order  in  which  they  appear  in  the
                     string.

              -K keymap
                     Selects  the  keymap named keymap.  An error message will
                     be displayed if there is no such keymap.

                     This keymap selection affects the interpretation of  fol-
                     lowing  keystrokes  within  this  invocation of ZLE.  Any
                     following invocation (e.g., the next command  line)  will
                     start as usual with the ‘main’ keymap selected.

              -F [ -L ] [ fd [ handler ] ]
                     Only  available if your system supports one of the ‘poll’
                     or ‘select’ system calls; most modern systems do.

                     Installs handler (the name of a shell function) to handle
                     input from file descriptor fd.  When zle is attempting to
                     read data, it will examine both the terminal and the list
                     of  handled fd’s.  If data becomes available on a handled
                     fd, zle will call handler with the fd which is ready  for
                     reading  as  the  only argument.  If the handler produces
                     output to the terminal, it should call  ‘zle  -I’  before
                     doing  so (see below).  The handler should not attempt to
                     read from the terminal.  Note that zle makes  no  attempt
                     to  check  whether  this  fd  is  actually  readable when
                     installing the handler.  The user  must  make  their  own
                     arrangements for handling the file descriptor when zle is
                     not active.

                     Any number of handlers for any number  of  readable  file
                     descriptors  may  be installed.  Installing a handler for
                     an fd which is already handled causes the  existing  han-
                     dler to be replaced.

                     If no handler is given, but an fd is present, any handler
                     for that fd is removed.  If there is none, an error  mes-
                     sage is printed and status 1 is returned.

                     If  no arguments are given, or the -L option is supplied,
                     a list of handlers is printed in  a  form  which  can  be
                     stored for later execution.

                     An  fd  (but  not a handler) may optionally be given with
                     the -L option; in this case, the function will  list  the
                     handler if any, else silently return status 1.

                     Note  that this feature should be used with care.  Activ-
                     ity on one of the fd’s which is not properly handled  can
                     cause the terminal to become unusable.

                     Here  is  a simple example of using this feature.  A con-
                     nection to a remote TCP port is created  using  the  ztcp
                     command; see the description of the zsh/net/tcp module in
                     zshmodules(1).  Then a handler is installed which  simply
                     prints  out  any  data  which arrives on this connection.
                     Note that ‘select’ will indicate that the file descriptor
                     needs  handling if the remote side has closed the connec-
                     tion; we handle that by testing for a failed read.
                             if ztcp pwspc 2811; then
                               tcpfd=$REPLY
                               handler() {
                                 zle -I
                                 local line
                                 if ! read -r line <&$1; then
                                   # select marks this fd if we reach EOF,
                                   # so handle this specially.
                                   print "[Read on fd $1 failed, removing.]" >&2
                                   zle -F $1
                                   return 1
                                 fi
                                 print -r - $line
                               }
                               zle -F $tcpfd handler
                             fi

              -I     Unusually, this option is most  useful  outside  ordinary
                     widget  functions, though it may be used within if normal
                     output to the terminal is required.  It  invalidates  the
                     current  zle display in preparation for output; typically
                     this will be from a trap function.  It has no  effect  if
                     zle  is  not active.  When a trap exits, the shell checks
                     to see if the display needs restoring, hence the  follow-
                     ing will print output in such a way as not to disturb the
                     line being edited:

                             TRAPUSR1() {
                                 # Invalidate zle display
                               [[ -o zle ]] && zle -I
                                 # Show output
                               print Hello
                             }

                     In general, the trap function may need  to  test  whether
                     zle  is  active before using this method (as shown in the
                     example), since  the  zsh/zle  module  may  not  even  be
                     loaded; if it is not, the command can be skipped.

                     It is possible to call ‘zle -I’ several times before con-
                     trol is returned to the editor; the display will only  be
                     invalidated the first time to minimise disruption.

                     Note  that there are normally better ways of manipulating
                     the display from within zle widgets;  see,  for  example,
                     ‘zle -R’ above.

                     The  status  is zero if zle is active and the current zle
                     display has been invalidated (even if this was by a  pre-
                     vious call to ‘zle -I’), else one.

              widget [ -n num ] [ -N ] args ...
                     Invoke  the specified widget.  This can only be done when
                     ZLE  is  active;  normally  this   will   be   within   a
                     user-defined widget.

                     With  the  options -n and -N, the current numerical argu-
                     ment will be saved and then restored after  the  call  to
                     widget;  ‘-n num’ sets the numerical argument temporarily
                     to num, while ‘-N’ sets it to the  default,  i.e.  as  if
                     there were none.

                     Any  further  arguments will be passed to the widget.  If
                     it is a shell function, these are passed  down  as  posi-
                     tional  parameters;  for  builtin widgets it is up to the
                     widget in question what it  does  with  them.   Currently
                     arguments are only handled by the incremental-search com-
                     mands, the history-search-forward and -backward  and  the
                     corresponding  functions  prefixed by vi-, and by univer-
                     sal-argument.  No error is flagged if  the  command  does
                     not use the arguments, or only uses some of them.

                     The  return status reflects the success or failure of the
                     operation carried out by  the  widget,  or  if  it  is  a
                     user-defined  widget the return status of the shell func-
                     tion.

                     A non-zero return status causes the shell  to  beep  when
                     the  widget  exits,  unless the BEEP options was unset or
                     the widget was called via the zle  command.   Thus  if  a
                     user defined widget requires an immediate beep, it should
                     call the beep widget directly.

       With no options and no arguments, only the return status will  be  set.
       It  is  zero  if  ZLE  is currently active and widgets could be invoked
       using this builtin command and non-zero if ZLE is not active.



WIDGETS

       All actions in the editor are performed by ‘widgets’.  A  widget’s  job
       is  simply  to  perform  some  small action.  The ZLE commands that key
       sequences in keymaps are bound to are in fact widgets.  Widgets can  be
       user-defined or built in.

       The  standard  widgets  built  in to ZLE are listed in Standard Widgets
       below.  Other built-in widgets can be defined  by  other  modules  (see
       zshmodules(1)).  Each built-in widget has two names: its normal canoni-
       cal name, and the same name preceded by a ‘.’.  The ‘.’  name  is  spe-
       cial: it can’t be rebound to a different widget.  This makes the widget
       available even when its usual name has been redefined.

       User-defined widgets are defined using ‘zle  -N’,  and  implemented  as
       shell  functions.  When the widget is executed, the corresponding shell
       function is executed, and can perform editing (or other)  actions.   It
       is recommended that user-defined widgets should not have names starting
       with ‘.’.


USER-DEFINED WIDGETS

       User-defined widgets, being implemented as shell functions, can execute
       any  normal  shell  command.   They can also run other widgets (whether
       built-in or user-defined) using the zle builtin command.  The  standard
       input of the function is closed to prevent external commands from unin-
       tentionally blocking ZLE by reading from the terminal, but read  -k  or
       read  -q can be used to read characters.  Finally, they can examine and
       edit the ZLE buffer being edited by reading  and  setting  the  special
       parameters described below.

       These  special parameters are always available in widget functions, but
       are not in any way special outside ZLE.  If they have some normal value
       outside  ZLE,  that  value is temporarily inaccessible, but will return
       when the widget function exits.  These special parameters in fact  have
       local scope, like parameters created in a function using local.

       Inside  completion  widgets and traps called while ZLE is active, these
       parameters are available read-only.

       BUFFER (scalar)
              The entire contents of the edit buffer.  If it  is  written  to,
              the  cursor remains at the same offset, unless that would put it
              outside the buffer.

       BUFFERLINES (integer)
              The number of screen lines needed for the edit buffer  currently
              displayed  on  screen (i.e. without any changes to the preceding
              parameters done after the last redisplay); read-only.

       CONTEXT (scalar)
              The context in which zle was called to read a  line;  read-only.
              One of the values:
       start  The start of a command line (at prompt PS1).

       cont   A continuation to a command line (at prompt PS2).

       select In a select loop.

       vared  Editing a variable in vared.

       CURSOR (integer)
              The  offset  of  the cursor, within the edit buffer.  This is in
              the  range  0  to  $#BUFFER,  and  is  by  definition  equal  to
              $#LBUFFER.   Attempts to move the cursor outside the buffer will
              result in the cursor being moved to the appropriate end  of  the
              buffer.

       CUTBUFFER (scalar)
              The  last  item to be cut using one of the ‘kill-’ commands; the
              string which the next yank would insert in the line.

       HISTNO (integer)
              The current history number.  Setting this has the same effect as
              moving  up  or  down in the history to the corresponding history
              line.  An attempt to set it is ignored if the line is not stored
              in the history.

       KEYMAP (scalar)
              The name of the currently selected keymap; read-only.

       KEYS (scalar)
              The  keys  typed  to  invoke  this  widget, as a literal string;
              read-only.

       killring (array)
              The array of previously killed items,  with  the  most  recently
              killed first.  This gives the items that would be retrieved by a
              yank-pop in the same order.

              The default size for the kill ring is eight, however the  length
              may  be changed by normal array operations.  Any empty string in
              the kill ring is ignored by the yank-pop command, hence the size
              of  the  array  effectively  sets the maximum length of the kill
              ring, while the number of non-zero  strings  gives  the  current
              length, both as seen by the user at the command line.


       LASTSEARCH (scalar)
              The   last  search  string  used  by  an  interactive  search  ;
              read-only.

       LASTWIDGET (scalar)
              The name of the last widget that was executed; read-only.

       LBUFFER (scalar)
              The part of the buffer that lies to the left of the cursor posi-
              tion.   If  it  is  assigned to, only that part of the buffer is
              replaced, and the cursor remains between the  new  $LBUFFER  and
              the old $RBUFFER.

       MARK (integer)
              Like CURSOR, but for the mark.

       NUMERIC (integer)
              The  numeric  argument.  If  no numeric argument was given, this
              parameter is unset. When this is set inside a  widget  function,
              builtin widgets called with the zle builtin command will use the
              value assigned. If it is unset inside a widget function, builtin
              widgets called behave as if no numeric argument was given.

       PENDING (integer)
              The  number of bytes pending for input, i.e. the number of bytes
              which have already been typed and can immediately  be  read.  On
              systems  where  the  shell  is not able to get this information,
              this parameter will always have a value of zero.  Read-only.

       PREBUFFER (scalar)
              In a multi-line input at the secondary  prompt,  this  read-only
              parameter  contains the contents of the lines before the one the
              cursor is currently in.

       PREDISPLAY (scalar)
              Text to be displayed before  the  start  of  the  editable  text
              buffer.   This does not have to be a complete line; to display a
              complete line, a newline must  be  appended  explicitly.     The
              text  is reset on each new invocation (but not recursive invoca-
              tion) of zle.

       POSTDISPLAY (scalar)
              Text to be displayed after the end of the editable text  buffer.
              This  does not have to be a complete line; to display a complete
              line, a newline must be prepended explicitly.  The text is reset
              on each new invocation (but not recursive invocation) of zle.

       RBUFFER (scalar)
              The  part  of  the  buffer  that lies to the right of the cursor
              position.  If it is assigned to, only that part of the buffer is
              replaced,  and  the  cursor remains between the old $LBUFFER and
              the new $RBUFFER.

       WIDGET (scalar)
              The name of the widget currently being executed; read-only.


   Special Widget
       There is one user-defined widget which is special to the shell.  If  it
       does  not  exist, no special action is taken.  The environment provided
       is identical to that for any other editing widget.

       zle-line-init
              Executed every time the line editor is started  to  read  a  new
              line  of input.  The following example puts the line editor into
              vi command mode when it starts up.

                     zle-line-init() { zle -K vicmd; }
                     zle -N zle-line-init

              (The command inside the function sets the keymap directly; it is
              equivalent to zle vi-cmd-mode.)



STANDARD WIDGETS

       The  following is a list of all the standard widgets, and their default
       bindings in emacs mode,  vi  command  mode  and  vi  insert  mode  (the
       ‘emacs’, ‘vicmd’ and ‘viins’ keymaps, respectively).

       Note  that cursor keys are bound to movement keys in all three keymaps;
       the shell assumes that the cursor keys send the key sequences  reported
       by  the  terminal-handling  library  (termcap  or  terminfo).   The key
       sequences shown in the list are those based on  the  VT100,  common  on
       many modern terminals, but in fact these are not necessarily bound.  In
       the case of the viins keymap,  the  initial  escape  character  of  the
       sequences  serves also to return to the vicmd keymap: whether this hap-
       pens is determined by the KEYTIMEOUT parameter, see zshparam(1).

   Movement
       vi-backward-blank-word (unbound) (B) (unbound)
              Move backward one word, where a word is defined as a  series  of
              non-blank characters.

       backward-char (^B ESC-[D) (unbound) (unbound)
              Move backward one character.

       vi-backward-char (unbound) (^H h ^?) (ESC-[D)
              Move backward one character, without changing lines.

       backward-word (ESC-B ESC-b) (unbound) (unbound)
              Move to the beginning of the previous word.

       emacs-backward-word
              Move to the beginning of the previous word.

       vi-backward-word (unbound) (b) (unbound)
              Move to the beginning of the previous word, vi-style.

       beginning-of-line (^A) (unbound) (unbound)
              Move  to the beginning of the line.  If already at the beginning
              of the line, move to the beginning of the previous line, if any.

       vi-beginning-of-line
              Move to the beginning of the line, without changing lines.

       end-of-line (^E) (unbound) (unbound)
              Move to the end of the line.  If already at the end of the line,
              move to the end of the next line, if any.

       vi-end-of-line (unbound) ($) (unbound)
              Move to the end of the line.  If an argument is  given  to  this
              command,  the cursor will be moved to the end of the line (argu-
              ment - 1) lines down.

       vi-forward-blank-word (unbound) (W) (unbound)
              Move forward one word, where a word is defined as  a  series  of
              non-blank characters.

       vi-forward-blank-word-end (unbound) (E) (unbound)
              Move  to  the  end of the current word, or, if at the end of the
              current word, to the end of the  next  word,  where  a  word  is
              defined as a series of non-blank characters.

       forward-char (^F ESC-[C) (unbound) (unbound)
              Move forward one character.

       vi-forward-char (unbound) (space l) (ESC-[C)
              Move forward one character.

       vi-find-next-char (^X^F) (f) (unbound)
              Read  a character from the keyboard, and move to the next occur-
              rence of it in the line.

       vi-find-next-char-skip (unbound) (t) (unbound)
              Read a character from the keyboard, and  move  to  the  position
              just before the next occurrence of it in the line.

       vi-find-prev-char (unbound) (F) (unbound)
              Read  a  character  from  the keyboard, and move to the previous
              occurrence of it in the line.

       vi-find-prev-char-skip (unbound) (T) (unbound)
              Read a character from the keyboard, and  move  to  the  position
              just after the previous occurrence of it in the line.

       vi-first-non-blank (unbound) (^) (unbound)
              Move to the first non-blank character in the line.

       vi-forward-word (unbound) (w) (unbound)
              Move forward one word, vi-style.

       forward-word (ESC-F ESC-f) (unbound) (unbound)
              Move  to the beginning of the next word.  The editor’s idea of a
              word is specified with the WORDCHARS parameter.

       emacs-forward-word
              Move to the end of the next word.

       vi-forward-word-end (unbound) (e) (unbound)
              Move to the end of the next word.

       vi-goto-column (ESC-|) (|) (unbound)
              Move to the column specified by the numeric argument.

       vi-goto-mark (unbound) (‘) (unbound)
              Move to the specified mark.

       vi-goto-mark-line (unbound) (’) (unbound)
              Move to beginning of the line containing the specified mark.

       vi-repeat-find (unbound) (;) (unbound)
              Repeat the last vi-find command.

       vi-rev-repeat-find (unbound) (,) (unbound)
              Repeat the last vi-find command in the opposite direction.

   History Control
       beginning-of-buffer-or-history (ESC-<) (unbound) (unbound)
              Move to the beginning of the buffer, or if already  there,  move
              to the first event in the history list.

       beginning-of-line-hist
              Move  to the beginning of the line.  If already at the beginning
              of the buffer, move to the previous history line.

       beginning-of-history
              Move to the first event in the history list.

       down-line-or-history (^N ESC-[B) (j) (ESC-[B)
              Move down a line in the buffer, or  if  already  at  the  bottom
              line, move to the next event in the history list.

       vi-down-line-or-history (unbound) (+) (unbound)
              Move  down  a  line  in  the buffer, or if already at the bottom
              line, move to the next event in the history list.  Then move  to
              the first non-blank character on the line.

       down-line-or-search
              Move  down  a  line  in  the buffer, or if already at the bottom
              line, search forward in the history for a  line  beginning  with
              the first word in the buffer.

              If called from a function by the zle command with arguments, the
              first argument is taken as  the  string  for  which  to  search,
              rather than the first word in the buffer.

       down-history (unbound) (^N) (unbound)
              Move to the next event in the history list.

       history-beginning-search-backward
              Search  backward  in  the  history for a line beginning with the
              current line up to the cursor.  This leaves the  cursor  in  its
              original position.

       end-of-buffer-or-history (ESC->) (unbound) (unbound)
              Move  to the end of the buffer, or if already there, move to the
              last event in the history list.

       end-of-line-hist
              Move to the end of the line.  If  already  at  the  end  of  the
              buffer, move to the next history line.

       end-of-history
              Move to the last event in the history list.

       vi-fetch-history (unbound) (G) (unbound)
              Fetch  the history line specified by the numeric argument.  This
              defaults to the current history line (i.e. the  one  that  isn’t
              history yet).

       history-incremental-search-backward (^R ^Xr) (unbound) (unbound)
              Search  backward  incrementally  for  a  specified  string.  The
              search is case-insensitive if the search string  does  not  have
              uppercase letters and no numeric argument was given.  The string
              may begin with ‘^’ to anchor the search to the beginning of  the
              line.

              A  restricted  set  of  editing  functions  is  available in the
              mini-buffer.  An interrupt signal, as defined by the  stty  set-
              ting, will stop the search and go back to the original line.  An
              undefined key will have the same effect. The supported functions
              are:        backward-delete-char,       vi-backward-delete-char,
              clear-screen,   redisplay,   quoted-insert,    vi-quoted-insert,
              accept-and-hold,  accept-and-infer-next-history, accept-line and
              accept-line-and-down-history.

              magic-space just inserts a space.  vi-cmd-mode  toggles  between
              the  ‘main’ and ‘vicmd’ keymaps; the ‘main’ keymap (insert mode)
              will be selected initially.  history-incremental-search-backward
              will get the next occurrence of the contents of the mini-buffer.
              history-incremental-search-forward  inverts  the  sense  of  the
              search.  vi-repeat-search and vi-rev-repeat-search are similarly
              supported.  The direction of the  search  is  indicated  in  the
              mini-buffer.

              Any multi-character string that is not bound to one of the above
              functions will beep and interrupt the search, leaving  the  last
              found line in the buffer. Any single character that is not bound
              to   one   of   the   above   functions,   or   self-insert   or
              self-insert-unmeta,  will  have the same effect but the function
              will be executed.

              When called from a widget  function  by  the  zle  command,  the
              incremental  search  commands  can take a string argument.  This
              will be treated as a string of keys, as  for  arguments  to  the
              bindkey command, and used as initial input for the command.  Any
              characters in the string which are  unused  by  the  incremental
              search will be silently ignored.  For example,

                     zle history-incremental-search-backward forceps

              will  search  backwards for forceps, leaving the minibuffer con-
              taining the string ‘forceps’.

       history-incremental-search-forward (^S ^Xs) (unbound) (unbound)
              Search forward incrementally for a specified string.  The search
              is case-insensitive if the search string does not have uppercase
              letters and no numeric argument was given.  The string may begin
              with ‘^’ to anchor the search to the beginning of the line.  The
              functions available in the mini-buffer are the same as for  his-
              tory-incremental-search-backward.

       history-search-backward (ESC-P ESC-p) (unbound) (unbound)
              Search  backward  in  the  history for a line beginning with the
              first word in the buffer.

              If called from a function by the zle command with arguments, the
              first  argument  is  taken  as  the  string for which to search,
              rather than the first word in the buffer.

       vi-history-search-backward (unbound) (/) (unbound)
              Search backward in the history  for  a  specified  string.   The
              string  may begin with ‘^’ to anchor the search to the beginning
              of the line.

              A restricted set  of  editing  functions  is  available  in  the
              mini-buffer.   An  interrupt signal, as defined by the stty set-
              ting,  will stop the search.  The  functions  available  in  the
              mini-buffer  are:  accept-line,  backward-delete-char,  vi-back-
              ward-delete-char,   backward-kill-word,   vi-backward-kill-word,
              clear-screen, redisplay, quoted-insert and vi-quoted-insert.

              vi-cmd-mode  is treated the same as accept-line, and magic-space
              is treated as a space.  Any other character that is not bound to
              self-insert  or  self-insert-unmeta will beep and be ignored. If
              the function is called from vi command mode, the bindings of the
              current insert mode will be used.

              If called from a function by the zle command with arguments, the
              first argument is taken as  the  string  for  which  to  search,
              rather than the first word in the buffer.

       history-search-forward (ESC-N ESC-n) (unbound) (unbound)
              Search  forward  in  the  history  for a line beginning with the
              first word in the buffer.

              If called from a function by the zle command with arguments, the
              first  argument  is  taken  as  the  string for which to search,
              rather than the first word in the buffer.

       vi-history-search-forward (unbound) (?) (unbound)
              Search forward in the  history  for  a  specified  string.   The
              string  may begin with ‘^’ to anchor the search to the beginning
              of the line. The functions available in the mini-buffer are  the
              same  as  for  vi-history-search-backward.  Argument handling is
              also the same as for that command.

       infer-next-history (^X^N) (unbound) (unbound)
              Search in the history list for a line matching the  current  one
              and fetch the event following it.

       insert-last-word (ESC-_ ESC-.) (unbound) (unbound)
              Insert the last word from the previous history event at the cur-
              sor position.  If a positive numeric argument is  given,  insert
              that  word  from  the end of the previous history event.  If the
              argument is zero or negative insert  that  word  from  the  left
              (zero  inserts  the previous command word).  Repeating this com-
              mand replaces the word just inserted with the last word from the
              history  event prior to the one just used; numeric arguments can
              be used in the same way to pick a word from that event.

              When called from a shell function invoked  from  a  user-defined
              widget,  the command can take one to three arguments.  The first
              argument specifies a history offset which applies to  successive
              calls  to  this widget: if is -1, the default behaviour is used,
              while if it is 1, successive calls will  move  forwards  through
              the  history.  The value 0 can be used to indicate that the his-
              tory line examined by the previous execution of the command will
              be  reexamined.   Note  that negative numbers should be preceded
              with a ‘--’ argument to avoid confusing them with options.

              If two arguments are given, the second specifies the word on the
              command  line  in normal array index notation (as a more natural
              alternative to the prefix argument).  Hence 1 is the first word,
              and -1 (the default) is the last word.

              If  a  third  argument is given, its value is ignored, but it is
              used to signify that the history offset is relative to the  cur-
              rent history line, rather than the one remembered after the pre-
              vious invocations of insert-last-word.

              For example, the default behaviour of the command corresponds to

                     zle insert-last-word -- -1 -1

              while the command

                     zle insert-last-word -- -1 1 -

              always  copies the first word of the line in the history immedi-
              ately before the line being edited.  This has  the  side  effect
              that  later  invocations  of the widget will be relative to that
              line.

       vi-repeat-search (unbound) (n) (unbound)
              Repeat the last vi history search.

       vi-rev-repeat-search (unbound) (N) (unbound)
              Repeat the last vi history search, but in reverse.

       up-line-or-history (^P ESC-[A) (k) (ESC-[A)
              Move up a line in the buffer, or if already  at  the  top  line,
              move to the previous event in the history list.

       vi-up-line-or-history (unbound) (-) (unbound)
              Move  up  a  line  in the buffer, or if already at the top line,
              move to the previous event in the history list.   Then  move  to
              the first non-blank character on the line.

       up-line-or-search
              Move  up  a  line  in the buffer, or if already at the top line,
              search backward in the history for a  line  beginning  with  the
              first word in the buffer.

              If called from a function by the zle command with arguments, the
              first argument is taken as  the  string  for  which  to  search,
              rather than the first word in the buffer.

       up-history (unbound) (^P) (unbound)
              Move to the previous event in the history list.

       history-beginning-search-forward
              Search forward in the history for a line beginning with the cur-
              rent line up to the cursor.  This leaves the cursor in its orig-
              inal position.

   Modifying Text
       vi-add-eol (unbound) (A) (unbound)
              Move to the end of the line and enter insert mode.

       vi-add-next (unbound) (a) (unbound)
              Enter  insert  mode  after  the current cursor position, without
              changing lines.

       backward-delete-char (^H ^?) (unbound) (unbound)
              Delete the character behind the cursor.

       vi-backward-delete-char (unbound) (X) (^H)
              Delete the character behind the cursor, without changing  lines.
              If in insert mode, this won’t delete past the point where insert
              mode was last entered.

       backward-delete-word
              Delete the word behind the cursor.

       backward-kill-line
              Kill from the beginning of the line to the cursor position.

       backward-kill-word (^W ESC-^H ESC-^?) (unbound) (unbound)
              Kill the word behind the cursor.

       vi-backward-kill-word (unbound) (unbound) (^W)
              Kill the word behind the cursor, without going  past  the  point
              where insert mode was last entered.

       capitalize-word (ESC-C ESC-c) (unbound) (unbound)
              Capitalize the current word and move past it.

       vi-change (unbound) (c) (unbound)
              Read  a  movement  command  from the keyboard, and kill from the
              cursor position to the endpoint of  the  movement.   Then  enter
              insert  mode.   If  the command is vi-change, change the current
              line.

       vi-change-eol (unbound) (C) (unbound)
              Kill to the end of the line and enter insert mode.

       vi-change-whole-line (unbound) (S) (unbound)
              Kill the current line and enter insert mode.

       copy-region-as-kill (ESC-W ESC-w) (unbound) (unbound)
              Copy the area from the cursor to the mark to the kill buffer.

       copy-prev-word (ESC-^_) (unbound) (unbound)
              Duplicate the word to the left of the cursor.

       copy-prev-shell-word
              Like copy-prev-word, but the word is found by using shell  pars-
              ing,  whereas copy-prev-word looks for blanks. This makes a dif-
              ference when the word is quoted and contains spaces.

       vi-delete (unbound) (d) (unbound)
              Read a movement command from the keyboard,  and  kill  from  the
              cursor position to the endpoint of the movement.  If the command
              is vi-delete, kill the current line.

       delete-char
              Delete the character under the cursor.

       vi-delete-char (unbound) (x) (unbound)
              Delete the character under the cursor, without  going  past  the
              end of the line.

       delete-word
              Delete the current word.

       down-case-word (ESC-L ESC-l) (unbound) (unbound)
              Convert the current word to all lowercase and move past it.

       kill-word (ESC-D ESC-d) (unbound) (unbound)
              Kill the current word.

       gosmacs-transpose-chars
              Exchange the two characters behind the cursor.

       vi-indent (unbound) (>) (unbound)
              Indent a number of lines.

       vi-insert (unbound) (i) (unbound)
              Enter insert mode.

       vi-insert-bol (unbound) (I) (unbound)
              Move  to  the  first  non-blank  character on the line and enter
              insert mode.

       vi-join (^X^J) (J) (unbound)
              Join the current line with the next one.

       kill-line (^K) (unbound) (unbound)
              Kill from the cursor to the end of the line.  If already on  the
              end of the line, kill the newline character.

       vi-kill-line (unbound) (unbound) (^U)
              Kill  from  the  cursor  back  to  wherever insert mode was last
              entered.

       vi-kill-eol (unbound) (D) (unbound)
              Kill from the cursor to the end of the line.

       kill-region
              Kill from the cursor to the mark.

       kill-buffer (^X^K) (unbound) (unbound)
              Kill the entire buffer.

       kill-whole-line (^U) (unbound) (unbound)
              Kill the current line.

       vi-match-bracket (^X^B) (%) (unbound)
              Move to the bracket character (one of {}, () or []) that matches
              the  one  under  the  cursor.  If the cursor is not on a bracket
              character, move forward without going past the end of  the  line
              to find one, and then go to the matching bracket.

       vi-open-line-above (unbound) (O) (unbound)
              Open a line above the cursor and enter insert mode.

       vi-open-line-below (unbound) (o) (unbound)
              Open a line below the cursor and enter insert mode.

       vi-oper-swap-case
              Read  a movement command from the keyboard, and swap the case of
              all characters from the cursor position to the endpoint  of  the
              movement.   If  the  movement command is vi-oper-swap-case, swap
              the case of all characters on the current line.

       overwrite-mode (^X^O) (unbound) (unbound)
              Toggle between overwrite mode and insert mode.

       vi-put-before (unbound) (P) (unbound)
              Insert the contents of the kill buffer before  the  cursor.   If
              the  kill  buffer  contains  a  sequence of lines (as opposed to
              characters), paste it above the current line.

       vi-put-after (unbound) (p) (unbound)
              Insert the contents of the kill buffer after the cursor.  If the
              kill  buffer contains a sequence of lines (as opposed to charac-
              ters), paste it below the current line.

       quoted-insert (^V) (unbound) (unbound)
              Insert the next character typed into the buffer  literally.   An
              interrupt character will not be inserted.

       vi-quoted-insert (unbound) (unbound) (^Q ^V)
              Display  a ‘^’ at the cursor position, and insert the next char-
              acter typed into the buffer literally.  An  interrupt  character
              will not be inserted.

       quote-line (ESC-’) (unbound) (unbound)
              Quote  the  current  line;  that  is, put a ‘’ character at the
              beginning and the end, and convert all ‘’ characters to ‘\’.

       quote-region (ESC-") (unbound) (unbound)
              Quote the region from the cursor to the mark.

       vi-replace (unbound) (R) (unbound)
              Enter overwrite mode.

       vi-repeat-change (unbound) (.) (unbound)
              Repeat  the last vi mode text modification.  If a count was used
              with the modification, it is remembered.  If a count is given to
              this  command,  it overrides the remembered count, and is remem-
              bered for future uses of this command.  The cut buffer  specifi-
              cation is similarly remembered.

       vi-replace-chars (unbound) (r) (unbound)
              Replace  the  character  under  the cursor with a character read
              from the keyboard.

       self-insert (printable characters) (unbound) (printable characters  and
       some control characters)
              Insert a character into the buffer at the cursor position.

       self-insert-unmeta (ESC-^I ESC-^J ESC-^M) (unbound) (unbound)
              Insert a character into the buffer after stripping the meta  bit
              and converting ^M to ^J.

       vi-substitute (unbound) (s) (unbound)
              Substitute the next character(s).

       vi-swap-case (unbound) (~) (unbound)
              Swap  the  case  of the character under the cursor and move past
              it.

       transpose-chars (^T) (unbound) (unbound)
              Exchange the two characters to the left of the cursor if at  end
              of  line,  else exchange the character under the cursor with the
              character to the left.

       transpose-words (ESC-T ESC-t) (unbound) (unbound)
              Exchange the current word with the one before it.

       vi-unindent (unbound) (<) (unbound)
              Unindent a number of lines.

       up-case-word (ESC-U ESC-u) (unbound) (unbound)
              Convert the current word to all caps and move past it.

       yank (^Y) (unbound) (unbound)
              Insert the contents of the kill buffer at the cursor position.

       yank-pop (ESC-y) (unbound) (unbound)
              Remove the text just yanked, rotate the kill-ring, and yank  the
              new top.  Only works following yank or yank-pop.

       vi-yank (unbound) (y) (unbound)
              Read  a  movement command from the keyboard, and copy the region
              from the cursor position to the endpoint of  the  movement  into
              the  kill  buffer.   If the command is vi-yank, copy the current
              line.

       vi-yank-whole-line (unbound) (Y) (unbound)
              Copy the current line into the kill buffer.

       vi-yank-eol
              Copy the region from the cursor position to the end of the  line
              into the kill buffer.  Arguably, this is what Y should do in vi,
              but it isn’t what it actually does.

   Arguments
       digit-argument (ESC-0..ESC-9) (1-9) (unbound)
              Start a new numeric argument, or add to the  current  one.   See
              also vi-digit-or-beginning-of-line.  This only works if bound to
              a key sequence ending in a decimal digit.

              Inside a widget function, a call to  this  function  treats  the
              last  key  of  the  key  sequence which called the widget as the
              digit.

       neg-argument (ESC--) (unbound) (unbound)
              Changes the sign of the following argument.

       universal-argument
              Multiply the argument of the next command by 4.   Alternatively,
              if  this  command  is  followed by an integer (positive or nega-
              tive), use that as the argument for the next command.  Thus dig-
              its cannot be repeated using this command.  For example, if this
              command occurs twice, followed immediately by forward-char, move
              forward  sixteen  spaces;  if instead it is followed by -2, then
              forward-char, move backward two spaces.

              Inside a widget function, if passed an argument, i.e. ‘zle  uni-
              versal-argument num’, the numerical argument will be set to num;
              this is equivalent to ‘NUMERIC=num’.

   Completion
       accept-and-menu-complete
              In a menu completion, insert the  current  completion  into  the
              buffer, and advance to the next possible completion.

       complete-word
              Attempt completion on the current word.

       delete-char-or-list (^D) (unbound) (unbound)
              Delete  the character under the cursor.  If the cursor is at the
              end of the line, list possible completions for the current word.

       expand-cmd-path
              Expand the current command to its full pathname.

       expand-or-complete (TAB) (unbound) (TAB)
              Attempt  shell  expansion  on  the current word.  If that fails,
              attempt completion.

       expand-or-complete-prefix
              Attempt shell expansion on the current word up to cursor.

       expand-history (ESC-space ESC-!) (unbound) (unbound)
              Perform history expansion on the edit buffer.

       expand-word (^X*) (unbound) (unbound)
              Attempt shell expansion on the current word.

       list-choices (ESC-^D) (^D =) (^D)
              List possible completions for the current word.

       list-expand (^Xg ^XG) (^G) (^G)
              List the expansion of the current word.

       magic-space
              Perform history expansion and insert a space  into  the  buffer.
              This is intended to be bound to space.

       menu-complete
              Like  complete-word,  except  that menu completion is used.  See
              the MENU_COMPLETE option.

       menu-expand-or-complete
              Like expand-or-complete, except that menu completion is used.

       reverse-menu-complete
              Perform menu completion, like menu-complete, except  that  if  a
              menu  completion  is  already  in progress, move to the previous
              completion rather than the next.

       end-of-list
              When a previous completion displayed a list  below  the  prompt,
              this widget can be used to move the prompt below the list.

   Miscellaneous
       accept-and-hold (ESC-A ESC-a) (unbound) (unbound)
              Push  the contents of the buffer on the buffer stack and execute
              it.

       accept-and-infer-next-history
              Execute the contents of the buffer.   Then  search  the  history
              list for a line matching the current one and push the event fol-
              lowing onto the buffer stack.

       accept-line (^J ^M) (^J ^M) (^J ^M)
              Finish editing the buffer.  Normally this causes the  buffer  to
              be executed as a shell command.

       accept-line-and-down-history (^O) (unbound) (unbound)
              Execute the current line, and push the next history event on the
              the buffer stack.

       beep   Beep, unless the BEEP option is unset.

       vi-cmd-mode (^X^V) (unbound) (^[)
              Enter command mode; that is, select the  ‘vicmd’  keymap.   Yes,
              this is bound by default in emacs mode.

       vi-caps-lock-panic
              Hang  until  any lowercase key is pressed.  This is for vi users
              without the mental capacity to keep track of their caps lock key
              (like the author).

       clear-screen (^L ESC-^L) (^L) (^L)
              Clear the screen and redraw the prompt.

       describe-key-briefly
              Reads  a  key  sequence,  then prints the function bound to that
              sequence.

       exchange-point-and-mark (^X^X) (unbound) (unbound)
              Exchange the cursor position with the position of the mark.

       execute-named-cmd (ESC-x) (unbound) (unbound)
              Read the name of an editor command and execute it.  A restricted
              set  of  editing  functions is available in the mini-buffer.  An
              interrupt signal, as defined by the stty setting, will abort the
              function.   The  allowed  functions  are:  backward-delete-char,
              vi-backward-delete-char, clear-screen, redisplay, quoted-insert,
              vi-quoted-insert,   backward-kill-word,   vi-backward-kill-word,
              kill-whole-line, vi-kill-line, backward-kill-line, list-choices,
              delete-char-or-list,  complete-word, accept-line, expand-or-com-
              plete and expand-or-complete-prefix.

              kill-region kills the last word, and vi-cmd-mode is treated  the
              same as accept-line.  The space and tab characters, if not bound
              to one of these functions, will complete the name and then  list
              the  possibilities  if  the  AUTO_LIST option is set.  Any other
              character that is not bound to self-insert or self-insert-unmeta
              will  beep  and  be ignored.  The bindings of the current insert
              mode will be used.

       execute-last-named-cmd (ESC-z) (unbound) (unbound)
              Redo the last function executed with execute-named-cmd.

       get-line (ESC-G ESC-g) (unbound) (unbound)
              Pop the top line off the buffer stack and insert it at the  cur-
              sor position.

       pound-insert (unbound) (#) (unbound)
              If  there  is no # character at the beginning of the buffer, add
              one to the beginning of each line.  If there is one, remove a  #
              from each line that has one.  In either case, accept the current
              line.  The INTERACTIVE_COMMENTS option must be set for  this  to
              have any usefulness.

       vi-pound-insert
              If there is no # character at the beginning of the current line,
              add one.  If there is one, remove it.  The  INTERACTIVE_COMMENTS
              option must be set for this to have any usefulness.

       push-input
              Push  the  entire  current  multiline  construct onto the buffer
              stack and return to the top-level (PS1) prompt.  If the  current
              parser  construct  is  only  a single line, this is exactly like
              push-line.  Next time the editor starts up  or  is  popped  with
              get-line, the construct will be popped off the top of the buffer
              stack and loaded into the editing buffer.

       push-line (^Q ESC-Q ESC-q) (unbound) (unbound)
              Push the current buffer onto the  buffer  stack  and  clear  the
              buffer.   Next  time  the  editor  starts up, the buffer will be
              popped off the top of the buffer stack and loaded into the edit-
              ing buffer.

       push-line-or-edit
              At  the  top-level  (PS1) prompt, equivalent to push-line.  At a
              secondary (PS2) prompt, move the entire current  multiline  con-
              struct  into  the  editor  buffer.   The latter is equivalent to
              push-input followed by get-line.

       recursive-edit
              Only useful from a user-defined widget.  At this  point  in  the
              function,  the  editor regains control until one of the standard
              widgets which would normally cause zle  to  exit  (typically  an
              accept-line  caused  by  hitting  the  return  key) is executed.
              Instead, control returns to the user-defined widget.  The status
              returned  is  non-zero if the return was caused by an error, but
              the function still continues executing and hence  may  tidy  up.
              This makes it safe for the user-defined widget to alter the com-
              mand line or key bindings temporarily.

              The following widget, caps-lock, serves as an example.
                     self-insert-ucase() {
                       LBUFFER+=${(U)KEYS[-1]}
                     }

                     integer stat

                     zle -N self-insert self-insert-ucase
                     zle -A caps-lock save-caps-lock
                     zle -A accept-line caps-lock

                     zle recursive-edit
                     stat=$?

                     zle -A .self-insert self-insert
                     zle -A save-caps-lock caps-lock
                     zle -D save-caps-lock

                     (( stat )) && zle send-break

                     return $stat
              This causes typed  letters  to  be  inserted  capitalised  until
              either  accept-line  (i.e. typically the return key) is typed or
              the caps-lock widget is invoked again; the later is  handled  by
              saving  the  old  definition  of caps-lock as save-caps-lock and
              then rebinding it to invoke accept-line.   Note  that  an  error
              from  the recursive edit is detected as a non-zero return status
              and propagated by using the send-break widget.

       redisplay (unbound) (^R) (^R)
              Redisplays the edit buffer.

       reset-prompt (unbound) (unbound) (unbound)
              Force the prompts on both the left and right of the screen to be
              re-expanded,  then  redisplay  the  edit  buffer.  This reflects
              changes both to the prompt variables themselves and  changes  in
              the  expansion  of  the  values (for example, changes in time or
              directory, or changes to the value of variables referred  to  by
              the prompt).

              Otherwise, the prompt is only expanded each time zle starts, and
              when the display as been interrupted by output from another part
              of  the shell (such as a job notification) which causes the com-
              mand line to be reprinted.

       send-break (^G ESC-^G) (unbound) (unbound)
              Abort the current editor function,  e.g.  execute-named-command,
              or  the editor itself, e.g. if you are in vared. Otherwise abort
              the parsing of the current line.

       run-help (ESC-H ESC-h) (unbound) (unbound)
              Push the buffer onto the buffer stack, and execute  the  command
              ‘run-help  cmd’,  where cmd is the current command.  run-help is
              normally aliased to man.

       vi-set-buffer (unbound) (") (unbound)
              Specify a buffer to be used in the following command.  There are
              35  buffers  that can be specified: the 26 ‘named’ buffers "a to
              "z and the nine ‘queued’ buffers "1 to "9.   The  named  buffers
              can also be specified as "A to "Z.

              When a buffer is specified for a cut command, the text being cut
              replaces the previous contents of the specified  buffer.   If  a
              named buffer is specified using a capital, the newly cut text is
              appended to the buffer instead of overwriting it.

              If no buffer is specified for a cut command, "1 is used, and the
              contents of "1 to "8 are each shifted along one buffer; the con-
              tents of "9 is lost.

       vi-set-mark (unbound) (m) (unbound)
              Set the specified mark at the cursor position.

       set-mark-command (^@) (unbound) (unbound)
              Set the mark at the cursor position.

       spell-word (ESC-$ ESC-S ESC-s) (unbound) (unbound)
              Attempt spelling correction on the current word.

       undefined-key
              This command is executed when a key sequence that is  not  bound
              to any command is typed.  By default it beeps.

       undo (^_ ^Xu ^X^U) (unbound) (unbound)
              Incrementally undo the last text modification.

       redo   Incrementally redo undone text modifications.

       vi-undo-change (unbound) (u) (unbound)
              Undo  the last text modification.  If repeated, redo the modifi-
              cation.

       what-cursor-position (^X=) (unbound) (unbound)
              Print the character under the cursor, its code as an octal, dec-
              imal  and hexadecimal number, the current cursor position within
              the buffer and the column of the cursor in the current line.

       where-is
              Read the name of an editor command and and print the listing  of
              key sequences that invoke the specified command.

       which-command (ESC-?) (unbound) (unbound)
              Push  the  buffer onto the buffer stack, and execute the command
              ‘which-command  cmd’.  where  cmd  is   the   current   command.
              which-command is normally aliased to whence.

       vi-digit-or-beginning-of-line (unbound) (0) (unbound)
              If the last command executed was a digit as part of an argument,
              continue the argument.  Otherwise, execute vi-beginning-of-line.



zsh 4.2.1                       August 13, 2004                      ZSHZLE(1)

Man(1) output converted with man2html